The UK electric car grant explained
In the UK, new electric cars are eligible for the plug-in car grant. This sees the Government put money towards the purchase of zero-emissions vehicles, forming a cash incentive for buyers to switch to electric cars and vans.
The plug-in car grant - together 0% company-car tax on electric cars in 2020 - is designed to encourage people to switch to cleaner vehicles, thus reducing CO2 emissions and helping to meet emissions targets.
It also makes it easier for buyers to purchase zero-emissions vehicles: generally, battery-electric vehicles are more expensive than petrol and diesel equivalents, and while parity is expected in the next two to five years, the additional purchase prices today can be off-putting for some.
In 2019, electric cars have made up around 1% of new car sales, and the need to increase that figure is clear. To date, the the plug-in car grant has helped tens of thousands of buyers purchase zero-emissions vehicles.
How does it work?
Previously, the Government sorted electric and plug-in hybrid cars into three groups - Category 1, 2 and 3 - to determine how much of the grant they were eligible for.
However, changes introduced in 2018 meant that Category 2 and 3 vehicles (exclusively plug-in hybrids) were no longer eligible for Government support. Nowadays only Category 1 cars qualify, although the term 'Category 1' has now been dropped.
The Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) is the official body in charge of the grant. It decides which cars are eligible based CO2 on things like emissions, safety features, warranty length and top speed.
The plug-in car grant now covers:
35% of the purchase price of a brand-new car (up to a maximum of £3,500)
Cars that qualify must:
Have official CO2 emissions of less than 50g/km
Be able to travel at least 70 miles with no CO2 emissions
Feature on the OLEV's approved vehicle list
Based on the criteria above, it's possible that a plug-in hybrid vehicle could qualify for the £3,500. While plenty of models have CO2 emissions of less than 50g/km, none at this moment in time can achieve 70 miles of zero-emissions range. This could change in the future, however.
How do I apply for the plug-in car grant?
You don’t. This process is handled by the dealership selling the car, rather than the customer buying. Most dealerships will make it clear exactly what the eligible car’s price was before and after the grant, so you can tell exactly how much you’ve saved in the process.
Manufacturers are responsible for applying to OLEV to ensure their cars are approved for the grant.
Are there any other ULEV grants or subsidies available?
Yes – the government will give you up to £500 towards the installation of a home-charging ‘wallbox’ unit. These must be officially approved and you need to have your own off-street parking. You also need to make sure you're the registered keeper of an eligible car, or at the very least have one on order.
Any car that emits less than 75g/km of CO2 is exempt from the London Congestion Charge, but you will need to apply to Transport for London (TfL) to ensure you're not billed for driving in the capital.
Does my car qualify for the grant?
Below is OLEV's official list of cars that are eligible for the grant. It does not include some vehicles - such as the Porsche Taycan - that technically qualify for the grant, but at the time of writing have not been confirmed as eligible.
- Audi e-tron
- BMW i3
- BYD e6
- Hyundai Ioniq Electric
- Hyundai Kona Electric
- Hyundai NEXO
- Jaguar I-Pace
- Kia e-Niro
- Kia Soul EV
- Mercedes B-Class Electric Drive
- Mercedes EQC
- Mercedes eVito Tourer
- Nissan e-NV200
- Nissan Leaf
- Renault ZOE
- Smart EQ ForTwo
- Smart EQ ForFour
- Tesla Model S
- Tesla Model X
- Tesla Model 3
- Toyota Mirai
- Volkswagen e-up!
- Volkswagen e-Golf
Does my van qualify for the grant?
The grant will also provide a discount for a handful of vans. They must have CO2 emissions of less than 75g/km and be capable of travelling at least 10 miles without emitting any CO2 at all.
The grant will pay up to 20% of the purchase prices for the following vans, up to a maximum of £8,000.
- BD Auto eTraffic
- BD Auto eDucato (3.5 tonnes)
- Citroen Berlingo
- Mercedes eVito
- Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Commercial
- Nissan e-NV200 (cargo van)
- Peugeot ePartner
- Renault Kangoo Z.E.
- Renault Master Z.E.
- LDV EV80 (van and chassis cab)
The LEVC London taxi is also eligible for a discount: the grant will cover 20% of its purchase price, up to a value of £7,500.