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Are electric cars expensive to insure?

Everything you need to know about insuring an electric car, including how expensive it is and why

Pros and cons of electric company cars - illustration

Electric cars are very different to traditional cars in a lot of ways, but in others they’re exactly the same. To legally drive one in the UK it has to be insured, on at least third-party cover.

We know that car insurance can often be expensive, but it’s worth every penny. After all, there are around 180,000 incidents a year on UK roads, and you wouldn’t want to risk points on your licence, a fine and the loss of your pride and joy if you're involved in one while not covered.

There are specialist insurers that cover electric cars only, but most mainstream car insurance companies will quote you for any EV. If you're a young driver trying to get insurance on an electric car, we have some more tips that can help – as finding affordable insurance can be hard enough if you’re young.

Are electric cars more expensive to insure?

Electric cars can – in general – be more expensive to insure than an otherwise directly comparable petrol or diesel counterpart. In 2017, research by price-comparison website Comparethemarket found that some electric cars can cost as much as a 45% more to insure than their conventional counterparts.

However, this appears to be changing quickly, as more recent figures seem to show that the gap is shrinking. Another comparison site, GoCompare, reports that the average cost of an electric car’s insurance policy (fully comprehensive) is £470.57, which is only a little more than the overall average of £458.

Insurer LV released data in early 2021 to show that in some cases it’s cheaper to insure an electric model, and in other cases it can cost around 10% more. According to its data, a Renault ZOE is 8% cheaper to insure on average than a Renault Clio (£287 vs £311), whereas a Nissan Leaf is only 8% or £23 more expensive to cover than a Nissan Micra (£301 vs £278).

Similarly, premiums for a Hyundai Kona (£299 electric vs £283 petrol) and Kia Niro (£307 electric vs £289 petrol) were found to be only 6% more than their combustion-engined equivalents.

The difference in premiums for electric and combustion-engined vehicles can be larger for younger drivers. According to research released in April 2021 by BookMyGarage.com found that quotes for a 22-year-old on an electric car were on average 20% higher than for equivalent petrol and hybrid models, compared to just 10% higher for a 35-year-old.

According to Martin Smith, technical claims manager for insurance company Aviva, there is nothing about electric cars that makes the intrinsically more expensive to insure. At the end of the day, it's still a four-wheeled vehicle with a motor operated by a human driver – and it's that human driver's record and claims history, as well as other factors such as anticipated annual mileage, usage and location, that have the greatest bearing on the insurance premium you pay.

However, there are some aspects concerning the maintenance and repair of electric cars that can contribute to higher premiums found by Comparethemarket's 2017 research.

Why can electric cars be more expensive to insure?

While electric cars have fewer moving parts than petrols and diesels, some components like the lithium-ion batteries are very expensive to repair if damaged. Providers take this into account when calculating premiums.

According Jonathan Hewett, chief executive of Thatcham Research: "When it comes to EVs, the insurance industry – and the motor industry – have relatively little experience. Product development must include design for repair, with repair technicians appropriately trained and equipped not only in the vehicle manufacturers’ own networks but also in the independent repair sector.

"And although battery costs are coming down, they still represent up to 40% of the cost of the vehicle; everything must therefore be done to prevent the current lack of battery repairability resulting in a relatively minor shunt ending with the insurers writing off the vehicle.

"In an ideal world, vehicle manufacturers would factor in ways for body shop repairers to work safely on vehicles with high voltage systems, without those repairers needing to use specialist and proprietary diagnostic equipment. The goal should be an EV customer experience that equals or betters the expectations shaped by the long-established combustion-engine ecosystem – but this can only be achieved through collaboration between vehicle manufacturers, the independent repair sector, and the insurers."

Our sister title Auto Express has reported that just a fraction of the UK’s mechanics are qualified to work on electric cars. Between 13,000 and 20,000 vehicle technicians were qualified, around 5% of the total number of mechanics.

Steve Nash, CEO of the Institute of the Motor Industry (IMI), has previously said that more than eight in 10 independent garages are struggling to recruit technicians qualified to work on electric cars and hybrids. He said: "This will mean that the market will fail to open up and develop to the benefit of the UK economy, and without competition in the marketplace, the UK customer will suffer higher pricing."

However, insurance premiums for electric cars will gradually come down. As manufacturers find new ways to cut production costs, and as the number of qualified electric and hybrid technicians increases, electric-car drivers should enjoy cheaper premiums in future. The situation has improved somewhat since the above-mentioned 2016 survey; as our guide to electric car repairs and maintenance details, you can now use the Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Repairers Alliance (HEVRA) website to search for an electric-qualified mechanic local to you.

According to Aviva's Martin Smith, as the technology and skills needed to repair electric cars become more widespread, the effect of these factors on electric-car insurance will flatten out. "Essentially, there’s nothing unique to electric cars that makes them more expensive to insure," he says. "They’re like any other car. If it’s very expensive or has a lot of technology,  those are things that can contribute to a higher premium."

What you need to tell your insurer if you own an electric car

There are a couple of things you should let the insurer know before purchasing the policy. The most important is whether you have a battery lease on the car or not. If you're leasing the battery separately, you need to let your provider know to prevent any issues should you have to make a claim.

It's worth mentioning, though, that battery leasing is becoming increasingly rare these days, as early concerns about the long-term life of electric-car batteries have largely been allayed, but you may have to bear it in mind if you've bought an older electric car secondhand. Another point to consider is where you'll charge the car. If you're charging it regularly at home, but have the charging cord lying on a public footpath, you have a duty of care to members of the public to prevent them tripping and hurting themselves on the cord.

You don't necessarily need a specialist electric-car insurance policy to take account of these factors, however. As Aviva's Martin Smith says: "An electric-vehicle policy will probably cover you for a trip event, but your standard motor policy will provide that cover, too."

How can I bring my electric-car insurance premium down?

There are several ways to lower your premium on an electric car. The first is by shopping around for the best deal. Comparison sites are a good start, but not all insurers – especially specialist providers – are listed. This is why it's also worth considering using an insurance broker.

Paying your premium all at once will work out cheaper than going for monthly instalments, as these often include interest charges. You should also consider installing a black box, or a telematics device, in your car. These monitor driving behaviour such as how fast you’re going, whether you’re braking and accelerating aggressively and your corner speeds. Good behaviour is rewarded with cheaper premiums, with drivers able to save up to 20% compared to normal policies.

Finally, you could consider a dash cam. These are small cameras that sit on the dashboard, continuously recording what's happening in front of the car. If a crash were to occur, this could prove crucial in proving who was to blame and whether or not your insurer will pay out. Some providers offer discounts up to 20% for dash-cam users, but make sure to contact your provider and ask them if they offer any discounts for a dash cam before shelling out for one.

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