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London ULEZ: what is the London Ultra Low Emission Zone?

The London Ultra Low Emission Zone expanded on 25 October 2021. Find out if your car is affected

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The London Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) was introduced in a bid to reduce emissions in the UK's capital. Initially covering a small central zone, it was expanded as of 25 October 2021 to an area up to – but not including – the North and South Circular Roads.

According to Transport for London (TfL), half of the nitrogen oxides and particulate matter emitted in the city come from the transport sector. These pollutants are thought to make chronic illnesses worse and shorten life expectancy, with children in particular being vulnerable.

So in order to discourage the most polluting vehicles from entering the centre of the city, TfL introduced a daily £12.50 fee that applies 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. This is in addition to the London Congestion Charge – currently set at £15, seven days a week between 7am and 10pm – bringing the total payment up to £27.50 a day for some drivers.

TfL estimates that as many as 2.5 million drivers are affected by the introduction of the ULEZ, although it believes the majority of these will be infrequent visitors and not regular commuters. Is your car be affected the Ultra Low Emission Zone charge? And where are the ULEZ boundaries? Our ULEZ guide explains all…

Is my car affected by the ULEZ?

As a rule of thumb, you have to pay the ULEZ charge if your car or van is a pre-Euro 6 diesel built before September 2015, or a pre-Euro 4 petrol built after 2005. However, some petrol cars that meet Euro 4 standards went on sale in 2000. The best course of action is to use the TfL ULEZ vehicle checker to see if your car is affected.

The Ultra Low Emission Zone also targets non-Euro 3 motorbikes, as well as Euro 6 lorries, buses and coaches. These larger vehicles must pay £100 to enter the ULEZ. Drivers of cars, vans and motorbikes who fail to pay the ULEZ charge will be fined £160, reduced to £80 if paid within 14 days. Drivers failing to pay for lorries, buses and coaches will be fined £1,000, reduced to £500 if paid within a fortnight.

Meanwhile, vehicles with historical tax status (those built more than 40 years ago) are completely exempt from ULEZ charges. This is a rolling exemption, so as cars turn 40 years old, they become exempt from the charge.

Where is the London ULEZ?

Initially, the Ultra Low Emission Zone occupied the same area as the London Congestion Charge Zone, from 8 April 2019 onwards. However, from 25 October 2021, the ULEZ expanded to cover a much wider area between the North and South Circular Roads.

This means affected cars have to pay the £12.50 fee in areas as far out as Wood Green, East Ham, Clapham and Acton. TfL’s ULEZ map highlights the initial zone and the 2021 zone. There are currently no plans to expand the London Congestion Charge Zone.

How to pay the ULEZ charge

Drivers can pay the Ultra Low Emission Zone charge on the TfL website. Regular visitors to the ULEZ can sign up for Auto Pay: this allows you to register up to five vehicles for automatic payments, with an annual registration fee of £10 per car. There is no resident's discount for the ULEZ.

This means the charge will be paid via a card or Direct Debit every time you drive into the ULEZ, protecting against penalty charge notices that would arise from forgetting to pay. It'll also pay the London Congestion Charge automatically.

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